English Civil war.



Political: As the parliament and the religious protestants joined to gain

power, the monarchy lost most control and their say

over the country. King Charles I feels threatened at his and

sparks a war against the parliament in attempt to regain his


Social: There was a major change in the people’s’ views on the aristocracy

and the monarchs. The Divine Right of Kings became an “outdated” concept,

logic was considered over religion, and the lower class was given a chance to

fight against the king’s initial orders and beliefs.

Technological: As the monarchy already had an army to suppress their opposition,

the parliament felt the need to have their own force

against the royals. A new army was formed, including new war tactic

Planners (Such as Oliver Cromwell) and newly designed weapons (gunpowder was major). This army even offered topay soldiers and promote them by their merits, speeding up the duration of recruitment.

Ultimately, there were major advances in military weapons and war tactics.

Economical: The concept of paid soldiers were attractive to many people and a lot of

parliament money was used to pay their veterans. Many commoners began to own their private land,

creating a sense of free enterprise rather than staying the old way of having the economy “planned”.


  1. Make connections to today and our present context, or other eras (wheels) of social change, or the evolution of “progress”. In what ways did your event follow the same trajectory as other events in the past or present?

In modern-day America, people are on a scale of values commonly known as the left and right wing. In the English Civil War, landlords, religious protestants and generally the richer population sided with the royals while the poor general population sided with Parliament. This is similar to the current political realms, as Rightists tend to support republican views and hold on to their traditional values while the people on the left wing usually support the social equality rather than individual prosperity.

The result of the English Civil war threw the balance of the power held between the parliament (who represents the people of a country) and the monarchs (who initially controlled the ways of the people, thus parliament). The monarchy lost a lot of credibility and power throughout the war and reached arguably one of their lowest points by having their king, Charles I, being beheaded. We can still see that no change or “progress” was made from the conclusion of the war, as modern day Europe is controlled by the government much more than the monarchy, who only monitors the major changes of a country.



  1. Does your wheel represent, or end in justice for those involved? Does it remain unresolved, or does it continue into another revolution? If so, which one? In other words, were the consequences of the event positive or negative? To whom?  Explain.

In my opinion, the civil war itself was an injustice to the people of the country. A parliament is supposed to represent the people, yet the war started with the people having zero say over it. While the Monarchs were appropriately punished for the injustices they caused, the goal to achieve democracy wasn’t fulfilled. The military took over the country, creating sense of dictatorship as Oliver Cromwell, a leader of the war, had full power over the country the moment the king died. A catastrophic amount of innocent people were killed in the war and farmlands were burned down. The immediate effects of the war was for sure, very negetive, but in the long run, it ended leaving a postive trace. England achieved a capitalist economy thanks to this event. The wealth gap between rich and poor was narrowed and quality of life was raised for everyone.